Padma Bhushan Mamidipudi Venkatarangayya, Financial and Political Scientist and Historical Writer from Nellore

mamidipudi venkatarangayya nellore

Mamidipudi Venkatarangayya was a financial and political scientist and historical writer. He received Padma Bhushan award from Govt of India in 1968.

mamidipudi venkatarangayya nellore

He was born on January 8, 1889 in Purini village of Kovur taluk in Nellore district to Venkatesham and Narasamma. After primary education in Telugu and Sanskrit he joined Pachaiyappa’s College in Madras where he completed B.A. and later finished his M.A. degree in History, Economics and Politics in 1910. He actively participated in the Indian Independence Movement while studying.

He worked as History lecturer in Maharajah college of Kakinada from 1910 to 1914 and as Economics and Politics lecturer at Maharajah college, Vizianagaram till 1927. He was the teacher to prince Alak Narayana Gajapathi. He was appointed as Diwan of Vizianagaram Samsthanam in 1927. He joined as principal of Rajah college at Venkatagiri from 1928 to 1931. Later he joined Andhra University as reader in 1931 and became professor in 1938 and retired as principal of University college in 1944. He was invited by Bombay University to head the Political and Social Sciences department between 1949 to 1952.

He married Venkamma and they had ten children: Annapurna, Godavari, Mamidipudi Narasimham, Mamidipudi Seetharam, Mamidipudi Anandam, Mamidipudi Venkateswarlu, Mamidipudi Pattabhiram, Mamidipudi Krishnamurti, and Mamidipudi Simhachalam and Vaidehi. Mamidipudi Anandam is a Chartered Accountant and twice Rajya Sabha member. Shanta Sinha is daughter of Anandam. Mamidipudi Pattabhiram is Associate Editor of The Hindu. Mamidipudi Nagarjuna was the son of Pattabhiram. He was an IAS officer and served as Collector at Guntur district.

He wrote many books on Indian history, constitution, encyclopedia, panchayati raj and politics.

  • Chief Editor of Sangraha Andhra Vignana Kosham (1958–1969)
  • Panchayati raj in Andhra Pradesh, 1967
  • Mārutunna samājaṃ, nā jñāpakālu, 1981
  • Āndhralō svātantryasamaramu, 1972
  • Evariki mī ōṭu?, 1951
  • The freedom struggle in Andhra Pradesh, 1965
  • Free and fair elections, 1966
  • The fundamental rights of man in theory and practice, 1944
  • The general election in the city of Bombay, 1953
  • Indian federalism, 1975
  • Local government in India, 1969
  • Mana paripālakulu, 1962
  • Mana śāsana sabhalu, 1963
  • Mānavahakkyulu, lēka, Prāthamika svatva siddhantamu, 1946
  • Pāriśrāmika viplavaṃ, 1964
  • Some aspects of democratic politics in India, 1967
  • Some theories of federalism, 1971
  • Vidyāraṅgaṃ, nāḍu-nēḍu, 1982
  • Vidyārthulaku okamāṭa, 1965
  • The welfare state and the socialist state, 1962
  • Mārutunna samājaṃ, nā jñāpakālu, 1981
  • Āndhralō svātantryasamaramu, 1972

He died peacefully at the age of 92, at his Secunderabad residence on 13th January, 1982. Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiya Foundation (MV Foundation), Secunderabad was established in his memory in 1981. The foundation’s activities include Child Rights, Health and Natural Resource Management. His daughter Prof. Shantha Sinha, Secretary of the Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiya (MV) Foundation, won the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership in 2003.



Magsaysay Winner Padma Shri Shantha Sinha – Short Film


Prof. Shantha Sinha is an anti-child labour activist of international reputation. She is a Professor of Political Science in Hyderabad Central University. Shantha Sinha was born in Nellore district on 7th January 1950.

Courtesy: Eenadu Margadarsi

Padma Shri Shantha Sinha, Ramon Magsaysay Award Winner from Nellore


Prof. Shantha Sinha is an anti-child labour activist of international reputation. She is a Professor of Political Science in Hyderabad Central University. She lives in Marredpally, Hyderabad.


Shantha Sinha was born in an illustrious Brahmin family in Nellore district on 7th January 1950. Her father Mamidipudi Anandam, a successful tax accountant, went onto become a member of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council and later a member of Rajya Sabha in Indian Parliament.

Shantha Sinha did her schooling in St. Ann’s High School and Keyes High School for Girls, both in Secunderabad. She went on to complete her M.A in Political Science from Osmania University in 1970 and Ph.D from Jawaharlal Nehru University in 1976.

She married Mr Ajoy Kumar on 3rd Dec 1972. Ajoy died of cerebral haemorrhage while their two daughters were quite young. Elder daughter Dr Sudha Sinha is now the Asst Professor of Medical Oncology in Mehdi Nawaz Jung Institute of Oncology and Regional Cancer Center, Hyderabad. Her younger daughter Dipa Sinha is walking in her mother’s foot steps through her association with the Public Health Resource Network and the Right to Food campaign. Dipa Sinha has a Masters in Development Studies from the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London and in Economics from Jawaharlal Nehru University.

Shantha Sinha contributed to drastic reduction of child labour in Ranga Reddy district of Andhra Pradesh. Recognizing her work, the Government of India appointed her as the first chairperson of the newly formed National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR). She held that position for 6 years in succession.

She is the founder and Secretary of Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiah Foundation, popularly known as MV Foundation, named in memory of her grandfather Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiah, another Nellorean of repute. Starting from 1991, MV Foundation (MVF) mobilised over 600,000 children out of work and into formal government day schools. MVF monitors around 500,000 children on a daily basis.

You can hear her express her views in this short video biography.


2003 – Ramon Magsaysay award for community leadership from Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation, Philippines

1999 –  Padma Shri Award from Govt of India

1999 – Albert Shanker International Award from Education International.


Bezawada Ramachandra Reddy, Buchireddipalem, Nellore


An illustrious politician, agriculturist and a supporter of liberalization, Sri Bezawada Ramachandra Reddy was born on November 24, 1894 to Sri Subba Reddy & Kamala (Dodla) in Buchireddipalem in the Madras Presidency. Ramachandra Reddy is a relative of Indian National Congress politician Dr Bezawada Gopala Reddy.


He entered politics immediately after graduating from the Pacchayappa College, Madras University in 1919. He started his political career as the head of Vavveru village. Later, he served as the sarpanch of Buchireddypalem village in 1921. He served as the President of the Nellore District Educational Council and was then elected as the President of the district board in 1929.

He married Dodla Sita, who gave birth to a male child Subba Reddy, named after his father. When his first wife Sita died post delivery, he married her half sister Dodla Bujjamma, who gave him 10 children – 5 sons & 5 daughters.

Reddy joined the Justice Party and won the elections in 1923, 1926, 1930 and 1934. Reddy served as the President of the Madras Legislative Council from November 6, 1930 to March 1937. Reddy resigned as Speaker following his defeat in the 1937 elections. Reddy dissented with Periyar when the Justice Party was converted into the Dravidar Kazhagam. He was first elected President of the Justice Party soon after the split in 1944. Reddy finally quit the party in 1952.

In 1952, Reddy contested the First Lok Sabha elections as an independent from Nellore and served as a Member of the Lok Sabha from 1952 to 1957. He served as the deputy leader of the opposition in Lok Sabha. On June 4, 1959, along with C. Rajagopalachari & N G Ranga and other senior politicians, Reddy floated the Swatantra Party with liberal ideas.

A staunch believer in business enterprise, he served on the boards of many companies like Madras Cements and Andhra Scientific Company, Machilipatnam as an independent director. But, he never seems to have invested directly in any industry, as he always believed in being an agriculturist.

He played a key role in getting the approval for Somasila irrigation dam, leveraging his acquaintance with KL Rao, the renowned irrigation engineer and politician.

Mr Ramachandra Reddy was awarded a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE). At the age of 78, he breathed his last on March 19, 1973 in Buchireddypalem, his birthplace.

Primary Source: Wikipedia