SHAR Sriharikota is getting ready to launch its first private sector-built navigation satellite today at 6.59 pm. The satellite will replace one of NAVIC’s seven satellites which is malfunctioning. NAVIC is a system of seven navigational satellites powering India’s own navigation system. The 1425 kg IRNSS – 1H satellite will lift off on the back of PSLV C-39, on its 41st flight. The Indian space agency has conducted 150 missions over the last three decades, staring with Aryabhatta in 1975.
SHAR is going to launch PSLV-C32 at 4 PM on 10th March from Sriharikota in Nellore district. Its payload is the sixth spacecraft in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS-1F), which aims to improve global positioning services over India and neighboring regions.
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has successfully launched its first test flight of its newest rocket GSLV Mark-III from Sriharikota today morning. After lift-off at 9:30AM from the second launch pad of Satish Dhawan Space Centre, the module separated from the rocket at an altitude of 126km and re-entered Earth’s atmosphere.
This rocket refers by the names GSLV Mark-III and LVM3, is a completely new vehicle marking the third generation for India’s orbital launch systems. It is capable of injecting heavier satellites like GSAT 19e. The LVM3 flight has two active solid and liquid propulsion stages, S200 and L110 respectively in addition to its cryogenic engine C25 X, carried Crew Module Atmospheric re-entry Experiment (CARE) as its payload .
A delighted ISRO chairman Radhakrishnan said “This was a very significant day in the history of Indian space programme for the development of the advanced launch vehicle that could carry a 4-tonne class of communication satellite into orbit.”
India started the development process a decade ago and now it has completed its first experimental flight of GSLV Mark-III vehicle. The performance of two solid stages S200 as well as liquid core stages L100 was as expected. Another experiment module in this mission, is the unmanned crew model to test and understand the re-entry characteristics, that also has worked extremely well. The crew module has splashed down as expected in Bay of Bengal
Prime Minister Mr.Narendra Modi, stated that successful launch of GSLV Mark-III is yet another triumph of brilliance and hardwork of the scientists. He congratulated all the scientists for the successful mission.
The GSLV-III or Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III, is a launch vehicle which is being developed by ISRO. This will be an unmanned crew module, it will unleash India’s dream of sending its astronauts in to space come true.
ISRO scientists have been gearing up for the test launch of GSLV-MK III, on December 18th , the heaviest among Geosynchronous Launch Vehicle versions. ISRO director M.Y.S Prasad had said the launch is intended to test the atmospheric characteristics and stability of the updated rocket on its way up.
It would also carry the CARE (Crew-module Atmospheric Re-entry Experiment) Module and also study the crew module on its re-entry in to the atmosphere.
CARE will be separated from the GSLV Mk III rocket at an altitude of 126 km and a speed of 5300 m/s. It will enter a coast phase during which it will perform three axis control in order to ensure zero degree angle of attack at reentry.
The ballistic reentry will start from an altitude of about 80 km. From this altitude, the propulsion is shut down. The heat shield will experience temperatures around 1,000 degrees C and the capsule will experience decelerations of up to 13 g.
The crew module carries three stages of parachutes, all of which come in pairs. First, both 2.5-metre diameter pilot parachutes come out, followed by the 6.5-metre drogue parachutes, which cut the capsule’s velocity down to 50 m/s. Then both main parachutes are deployed at a height of about 5 km. These parachutes, each 31 metres in diameter, are the largest ever made in India.
CARE will splash down into the Bay of Bengal about 600 km from Port Blair in the Andaman Islands Immediately afterwards the main parachutes will be detached. CARE will be recovered by the India Coast Guards tracking its beacon signal. The entire duration of the experiment from launch to splash down is close to 1,140 seconds.
PSLV-C23 Successfully Launches French Earth Observation Satellite- SPOT 7 and four other co-passenger satellites from SDSC SHAR, Sriharikota on June 30, 2014 in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
The Prime Minister congratulated the Indian scientists on their great achievement and also congratulated India people. In his congratulatory address at the Mission Control Center after the landmark launch, the Prime Minister called upon the space community to proactively engage with all stakeholders to maximize the use of space science in governance and development. He also mentioned that, India must fully harness this expertise in space technology in the developmental process for social change, economic development and resource conservation. He called upon the space community to take up the challenge of developing a SAARC satellite that can be dedicated to our neighborhood as a gift from India.
The Prime Minister called for involving India’s youth with space. Shri Modi said he was pleased to have met the young scientists as Sriharikota, and admired their work and their achievements. He commended Dr. K. Radhakrishnan for his leadership, and said India’s space programme is the best example of his vision of scale, speed and skill. He wished the team of scientists the best as they prepare to insert our spacecraft into the orbit of Mars in a few months.
Andhra Pradesh Governor Shri Narasimhan, Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Shri Chandrababu Naidu, Minister of Parliamentary Affairs Shri Venkaiah Naidu, PMO Dr. Jitendra Singh, Secretary Space Dr. Radhakrishnan, and eminent scientists Prof U R Rao, Dr. Kasturirangan were present on the occasion.
Latest Updates on PSLV C-23 is as follows
Jun 30, 2014
- All propellant filling operations completed
- Countdown activity is progressing normally
Jun 29, 2014
- UH25 Propellant filling operation of Second Stage (PS2) has been completed at 23:10 hrs (IST)
- UH25 Propellant filling operation of Second Stage (PS2) is under progress
- Nitrogen Tetraoxide (N2O4) Propellant filling operation of Second Stage (PS2) of PSLV-C23 has been completed at 18:30 hrs (IST)
- Propellant filling operation of Second Stage (PS2) of PSLV-C23 has commenced at 17:15 hrs (IST)
- Mobile Service Tower (MST) withdrawal to parking end is completed by 16:35 hrs (IST)
- Mobile Service Tower (MST) withdrawal to parking end is under progress
- Countdown activity is progressing normally
- Preparations for Mobile Service Tower (MST) withdrawal to parking end are under progress
Jun 28, 2014
- MON-3 Propellant filling operation of Reaction Control Thrusters (RCT) of First Stage (PS1) is completed at 20:00 hrs (IST)
- MON-3 Propellant filling operation of Fourth Stage (PS4) is completed at 18:00 hrs (IST)
- Mixed Oxides of Nitrogen (Oxidiser), (MON-3) Propellant filling operation of Fourth Stage (PS4) has commenced
- Propellant (MMH) filling of Reaction Control Thrusters (RCT) of First Stage (PS1) is completed
- Mono-Methyl Hydrazine (MMH) Propellant filling operation of Fourth Stage (PS4) has been completed and Propellant filling of Reaction Control Thrusters (RCT) of First Stage (PS1) is under progress.
- Propellant filling operations of Fourth Stage (PS4) of PSLV-C23 has commenced at 11:15 hrs (IST)
- 49 hours countdown of PSLV-C23 Mission started at 08:52 hours IST today (Jun 28, 2014) at Satish Dhawan Space Center (SDSC), Shriharikota, India
Jun 27, 2014
- The 49 hour Countdown will commence at 08:52 hrs (IST) on Jun 28, 2014
- Launch Authorisation Board (LAB) for PSLV – C23 mission has cleared the launch on Jun 30, 2014 from SDSC SHAR, Sriharikota
- PSLV-C23 to Launch the French Earth Observation Satellite SPOT-7 and Four co-passenger satellites from Canada, Germany and Singapore on Jun 30, 2014 at 09:52 hrs (IST) from SDSC SHAR, Sriharikota. The three minutes delay from the earlier announced lift-off time is owing to the probability of space debris gettting in the way of the launch vehicle.
The Prime Minister met senior scientists and ISRO chairman Radhakrishnan who has given him a brief presentation on India’s space programme. He has visited the First launch pad at Sriharikota on sunday.
PSLV-C23 to Launch the French Earth Observation Satellite SPOT-7 and Four co-passenger satellites from Canada, Germany and Singapore. It is scheduled for launch today at 09:52 IST from Sriharikota.
He was accompanied by the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh Chandrababu Naidu, Parliamentary Affairs Minister Venkaiah Naidu, and the Minister of State in the PM’s office, Jitendra Singh
The first phase of the Mars Orbitor Mission (MOM) a.k.a Mangalyaan was successful yesterday (5th Nov 2013 at 14:38 IST) as the PSLV C-25 successfully put the MOM spacecraft precisely into an elliptical orbit of earth, extremely close to the predicted orbit. The spacecraft will now perform 7 orbits of Earth over the next 4 weeks, gradually increasing the height of the orbit, before departing for a 300-day cruise to Mars entering the Mars orbit on 24th Sep 2014.
Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) is ISRO’s first interplanetary mission to planet Mars with the 1350 kg spacecraft designed to orbit Mars in an elliptical orbit of 372 km by 80,000 km. The primary driving technological objective of the Rs450 crore mission is to design and realize a spacecraft with a capability to reach Mars (Martian transfer Trajectory), then to orbit around Mars (Mars Orbit Insertion) which will take about nine months time. Yet another technological challenge is to realize related deep space mission planning and communication management at a distance of nearly 400 million km.
The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV C-25) will be used to inject the spacecraft from SDSC, SHAR, Sriharikota in Nellore district, sometime between Oct 21-Nov 7 2013. This satellite will also carry compact science experiments, totalling a mass of 15 kg, as listed below :
|Lyman Alpha Photometer (LAP)||Escape processes of Mars upper atmosphere through Deuterium/Hydrogen|
|Methane Sensor for MARS (MSM)||Detect presence of Methane|
|Martian Exospheric Composition Explorer (MENCA)||Study the neutral composition of the Martian upper atmosphere|
|MARS Colour Camera (MCC)||Optical imaging|
|TIR imaging spectrometer (TIS)||Map surface composition and mineralogy|