Padma Bhushan Mamidipudi Venkatarangayya, Financial and Political Scientist and Historical Writer from Nellore

mamidipudi venkatarangayya nellore

Mamidipudi Venkatarangayya was a financial and political scientist and historical writer. He received Padma Bhushan award from Govt of India in 1968.

mamidipudi venkatarangayya nellore

He was born on January 8, 1889 in Purini village of Kovur taluk in Nellore district to Venkatesham and Narasamma. After primary education in Telugu and Sanskrit he joined Pachaiyappa’s College in Madras where he completed B.A. and later finished his M.A. degree in History, Economics and Politics in 1910. He actively participated in the Indian Independence Movement while studying.

He worked as History lecturer in Maharajah college of Kakinada from 1910 to 1914 and as Economics and Politics lecturer at Maharajah college, Vizianagaram till 1927. He was the teacher to prince Alak Narayana Gajapathi. He was appointed as Diwan of Vizianagaram Samsthanam in 1927. He joined as principal of Rajah college at Venkatagiri from 1928 to 1931. Later he joined Andhra University as reader in 1931 and became professor in 1938 and retired as principal of University college in 1944. He was invited by Bombay University to head the Political and Social Sciences department between 1949 to 1952.

He married Venkamma and they had ten children: Annapurna, Godavari, Mamidipudi Narasimham, Mamidipudi Seetharam, Mamidipudi Anandam, Mamidipudi Venkateswarlu, Mamidipudi Pattabhiram, Mamidipudi Krishnamurti, and Mamidipudi Simhachalam and Vaidehi. Mamidipudi Anandam is a Chartered Accountant and twice Rajya Sabha member. Shanta Sinha is daughter of Anandam. Mamidipudi Pattabhiram is Associate Editor of The Hindu. Mamidipudi Nagarjuna was the son of Pattabhiram. He was an IAS officer and served as Collector at Guntur district.

He wrote many books on Indian history, constitution, encyclopedia, panchayati raj and politics.

  • Chief Editor of Sangraha Andhra Vignana Kosham (1958–1969)
  • Panchayati raj in Andhra Pradesh, 1967
  • Mārutunna samājaṃ, nā jñāpakālu, 1981
  • Āndhralō svātantryasamaramu, 1972
  • Evariki mī ōṭu?, 1951
  • The freedom struggle in Andhra Pradesh, 1965
  • Free and fair elections, 1966
  • The fundamental rights of man in theory and practice, 1944
  • The general election in the city of Bombay, 1953
  • Indian federalism, 1975
  • Local government in India, 1969
  • Mana paripālakulu, 1962
  • Mana śāsana sabhalu, 1963
  • Mānavahakkyulu, lēka, Prāthamika svatva siddhantamu, 1946
  • Pāriśrāmika viplavaṃ, 1964
  • Some aspects of democratic politics in India, 1967
  • Some theories of federalism, 1971
  • Vidyāraṅgaṃ, nāḍu-nēḍu, 1982
  • Vidyārthulaku okamāṭa, 1965
  • The welfare state and the socialist state, 1962
  • Mārutunna samājaṃ, nā jñāpakālu, 1981
  • Āndhralō svātantryasamaramu, 1972

He died peacefully at the age of 92, at his Secunderabad residence on 13th January, 1982. Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiya Foundation (MV Foundation), Secunderabad was established in his memory in 1981. The foundation’s activities include Child Rights, Health and Natural Resource Management. His daughter Prof. Shantha Sinha, Secretary of the Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiya (MV) Foundation, won the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership in 2003.



Gunturu Seshendra Sharma – Yuga Kavi and Sahitya Ratna from Nellore

Gunturu Seshendra Sharma (గుంటూరు శేషేంద్ర శర్మ) (October 20, 1927 – May 30, 2007), also known as Yuga Kavi, was a Telugu poet, critic and litterateur. He is well known for his works Naa Desham Naa Prajalu and Kaala Rekha. He wrote over fifty works which have been translated into English, Kannada, Urdu, Bengali, Hindi, Nepali and Greek.

Gunturu Seshendra Sharma spent his childhood in his ancestral home in Totapalli Guduru, Nellore District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Seshendra Sharma graduated with a B.A. in Literature from the Andhra University and obtained his Law degree from the Madras University. He joined Andhra Pradesh State Government civil service in 1949 and retired as the Municipal Commissioner of Hyderabad.

When he was 18, Seshendra’s marriage was arranged to Janaki and they had two girls and two boys. Later in 1970 he married Indira Devi Dhanrajgir, an Anglo-Indian poetess. He lived with her at her Gyanbagh Palace in Hyderabad.

Seshendra’s first work in print appeared in 1952. It is the translation of Matthew Arnold’s Sohrab and Rustum, which is based upon the Persian Epic Shahnama. Initially he focused on poetry and occasionally worked on literary criticism. Seshendra’s first collection of prose-poems was entitled Sesha Jyotsna.

His magnum opus Naa Desham Naa Prajalu (My Country My People, Meri Dharti Mere Log) brought Seshendra prominence as one of the outstanding poets of India. It led to his nomination for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2004.

Seshendra Sarma is the second person to have been nominated for the Nobel Literature prize for his contribution to literary field from India, the first being Rabindranath Tagore.

Other Awards and Titles conferred on him:

  • 1994 Sahitya Akademi Award in Telugu literature for his work Kaala Rekha – won
  • 1994 Honorary D.Litt by Telugu University
  • 1999 Central Sahitya Akademi fellowship for contribution to Telugu literature
  • 2001 Sahitya Ratna by Sri Ram Sahitya Mandal, Himachal Pradesh – won
  • Jnanpeeth award for contribution to Telugu literature – nominated
  • 2004 Nobel Prize in Literature for My Country, My People – nominated
  • 2004-2005 Hamsa Award by Andhra Pradesh State Government for contribution to Telugu literature – won
  • Rashtrendu (Moon of the Nation) by West Bengal State Government
  • Kalidas Samman by Madhya Pradesh State Government
  • Subrahmanya Ekta Award by Hindi Academy – won
  • Rashtriya Sanskriti Puraskar – won
  • Ugadi Puraskar – won
  • Lokamanya Tilak Award – won
  • Member of Kendriya Hindi Samiti – nominated by Prime Minister of India

Shodasi, his tantric commentaries on the Ramayana, and Swarna Hamsa, the study of Harsha Naishadhiya Charita, are works of literary criticism. Kaala Rekha, Seshendras’ 1994 book, is a collection of twenty-five essays on various subjects like ancient Sanskrit drama and ancient Greek drama, comparative literature, classical poetry and Aurobindo’s Savitri. The collection of poems Neerai Paaripoyindi (literally, “Melted and floated away”) was brought out in 1976 in bilingual editions.


Mallemala (MS Reddy) wrote in his autobiography (Idi Naa Katha) that Seshendra Sharma helped him get municipal permission for building Sundar Mahal cinema theater in Gudur, when Sarma was serving as Gudur Municipal Commissioner.